Russia Weather Guide

Russia’s vast landscape has a climate ranging from the Arctic north to the generally temperate south and is known to have extremes ranging from hot (40 degrees Celsius) to ridiculously cold (-50 degrees Celsius).

Season and Clothing

Summer: June to August

Summer is the peak tourism season in Russia with the country’s warmest (and wettest) months being July and August. Temperatures are pleasant overall with chances of heatwaves in places like Moscow where temperatures can near 40 degrees Celsius and queues for tourist attractions can get long. Locals swap the city for their dachas (summer cottages) to escape the heat. Siberia experience short summers with warm and wet conditions, while the Russian Steppes in the southeast have hot, dry summers.

Autumn: September to October

The golden colours of autumn are brief, but this is a favourite time of many to visit Russia. The colours lighten up city buildings and monuments while the conditions are prime to explore further afield, like on a river cruise. The low season offers a great opportunity to see the sights once the summer tourists have left and is also the start of Moscow’s cultural year. Elsewhere, the weather can be quite unsettled with rain, strong winds and even snow in October.

Winter: November to March

Russian winters are brutally cold complete with short days and long nights. Still, the snow adds a touch of magic to some views with lakes and rivers freezing over for perfect skating and skiing conditions. Head to the Caucasus Mountains for snow-capped beauty, but know that Siberia is brutally cold. The massive New Year’s Eve (Sylvester) celebrations and winter cultural events in major cities, like the December Nights Music Festival in Moscow, are a welcome reprieve from the cold.

Spring: April to May

Spring is still low season in Russia, but as the snow begins to disappear the weather becomes more comfortable and the fewer crowds and cheaper prices make it a good time to visit the big tourist attractions of the cities and beyond. Moscow and St Petersburg celebrate the anniversary of the end of World War II in early May with street parties, military parades and fireworks. The temps are usually mild year round along the Baltic Coast, while rain in plentiful in the region of the Black Sea.