Introduction to Mongolia
Welcome to a country where the nomadic way of life is still considered the norm and travelers in search of adventure are often drawn. A landlocked country between China and Russia, Mongolia stretches across some 1.5-million square kilometres of the Central Asian Plateau where the legacy of Genghis Khan, the famous warrior who united the warring tribes to establish the Mongol empire in the 13th century, still ignites the pride of the nation.
A visit to Mongolia would be incomplete without visiting the nomads of the Altai Mountains and Gobi Desert and spending a night or two in a traditional ger with the most hospitable hosts you’re ever likely to meet. While such rugged terrain is a sheer delight (and sometimes strenuous) to explore, it should come as no surprise that such a country of extremes is also reflected in the weather, with droughts and cold winters becoming more and more commonplace.
While 40 per cent of Mongolia’s population work on the extensive pasturelands, one third of the population resides in the cross-cultural capital of Ulaanbaatar and the country is in the midst of an economic boom driven by its rich natural resources. Ulaanbaatar is one of the most fascinating and multicultural cities in the world where the country’s dominant ethnic group, Mongols are joined by a a mix of Turkic, Tungusic, Chinese and Russian locals as well as travelers from far and wide.
Mongolia is a democratic nation and predominantly Tibetan Buddhist. While you’re likely to be captivated by the history and culture of this magnificent country in between hiking, horse trekking, camping and all of the other amazing outdoor activities, you’ll also be wide-eyed and in awe of the emerging consumerism and new cultural traits in the cities of this developing country on the rise.